Creating a website from a thousand lines of code requires a lot of imagination and skill on the part of web developers. If you are inspired by the abundance of gorgeous websites and want to give them a go, we have some sobering facts about web development that you should know.
Learning programming languages is only the beginning if you want to build a popular website; you’ll also need to familiarise yourself with other ideas like DevTools, data formats, testing, APIs, authentication, and many others. As a web developer, there are basic fundamentals that we will go over here.
Style sheets (CSS) are also employed at the front end, which determines the visual presentation of HTML elements.
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2. Git and GitHub
Git is widely used as a popular version control system. If you get work as a web developer, you’ll probably be expected to learn and use this version control system. This is why it’s important to get familiar with Git and the fundamental commands it supports, such as cloning, pushing to repositories, making a pull request, merging branches, etc.
If you use Git, you can host your code on GitHub. In other words, it facilitates teamwork among programmers by facilitating their collaboration on various projects.
3. Browser DevTools
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4. API (Application Programming Interface) (Application Programming Interface)
When building websites, you’ll spend a lot of time interacting with APIs, or external data. It’s a way for programmers to take advantage of the features without having to hand over their source code. There is a fantastic collection of APIs on GitHub that can be put to a variety of uses; the site is also a great source of inspiration for new projects. To learn more about it, visit the link Public APIs end.
You should familiarise yourself with CRUD operations, Rest APIs, and the HTTP request methods (GET, POST, PUT, PATCH, and DELETE) (Create, Read, Update, Delete). Variations in request status codes, data formats (JSON, HTML, XML), etc.
In order to keep tabs on who visits a certain website, user authentication is almost certain to be involved. For instance, you may wish to control access to certain sites based on a user’s login status or whether they have already generated a particular resource. Authentication is crucial to ensuring the safety of user accounts. Understanding how to handle such features in your web app is crucial.
Depending on the language or technology you’re working with, there are a variety of approaches you might take to implementing user authentication. You can utilize third-party services like Google or Twitter for authentication, session and cookie-based authentication in PHP, or JSON Web Tokens (JWT) if you’re using React on the front end and Node with Express at the back end. While there are a variety of approaches to authentication, it is crucial to understand the concept and put it into practice when building websites.
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6. MVC (Model, View, Controller) (Model, View, Controller)
The Model-View-Controller (MVC) design pattern is a time-saving technique that divides an application into three distinct parts. Using the MVC pattern streamlines and accelerates the coding process. Lots of higher-level frameworks, such as Laravel, Django (based on MVT close to MVC), and Angular, are built on MVC patterns. The Model in MVC handles communications with the database, the View is in charge of the user interface, and the Controller mediates between the Model and the View. By learning MVC, you’ll have a leg up on learning frameworks for any language you work in.
7. Methods of Computer Coding (Backend)
8. Methodical Problem-Finding
Becoming a web developer requires you to have strong investigative and problem-solving abilities. Projects, data structures, algorithms, challenges, riddles, and similar activities can all help hone problem-solving and research abilities, but only repeated practice will provide results. No matter how much experience you have with web development, you will still spend a lot of time looking things up while you construct your application. Inevitably, you’ll run into some baffling issues about which you know nothing, at which point you’ll need to consult Google or the StackOverflow community for guidance.
9. Exams requiring Written Response
Many programmers see this as pointless and a waste of their time. Writing tests, such as unit tests and other types, isn’t essential for small applications, but it’s highly recommended for large applications because it makes the entire process more robust and debugging easier. Create a routine of writing tests as you develop your application; you may feel like you’re wasting time at first, but in the long run, you’ll thank yourself.
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10. “DevOps” and “Deployment”
Finally, as a web developer, you need to know how to keep your code running smoothly, scale it, move it, and deploy it to other environments, like the cloud, AWS, Heroku, Netlify, and so on. Spend some time learning about these platforms, how these services function, and how to deploy or maintain your code on these platforms; you’ll have a lot of options to choose from.
Extra Credit: Search Engine Optimization
Webmasters would be wise to give special attention to SEO, or search engine optimization. Without search engine optimization (SEO), a website is useless, so it’s crucial to learn as much as possible about SEO before building a site. The success of a website is directly related to how well it is optimized for search engines. If the website you’ve built doesn’t have a good link structure, for instance, search engines won’t be able to index it and your page won’t appear high in the results. Doing effective SEO on your website is essential if you do not want this issue to develop.
The entire developer community will be quite helpful if you decide to improve your skills. All of the aforementioned abilities are not mastered overnight, but with consistent study and practice, you can reach great heights. Therefore, if you want to make it as a web developer, it’s in your best interest to understand these tricks.
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